Lecture 6: Stylistic questions

There is a set of rules and practices that academic texts are expected to follow. Today we’ll look into some of them. Note that some of the rules differ between English and Finnish. See the course description page for links to style guides.

  • I, we, or passive?
    • I proved that the hypothesis was correct.
    • We proved that the hypothesis was correct.
    • It was proven that the hypothesis was correct.
  • Tense: present, past, or something else? (each section/chapter has a naturally fitting tense)
  • Hyphen, n dash, minus sign, m dash (yhdys- ja ajatusviiva, miinusmerkki)
  • Punctuation: comma, stop, colon, ellipsis
  • Truncating quotes: […] (suomessa kaksi ajatusviivaa – –)
  • Sentences, paragraphs, lone sections (virkkeet, kappaleet, kohdat)
  • Ending a section, starting a chapter
  • DwA – Dealing with Acronyms (lyhenteet)
  • Widows and orphans (leski- ja orporivit)
  • Margins, line spacing (riviväli), two- and one-sided printing

Proofreading and hyphenation

Most modern writing tools offer automatic proofreading tools, so use them. Advanced tools correct bad wording in addition to mere spelling mistakes. Automatic hyphenation works well these days, so consider hyphenation instead of merely justifying the text.

6th assignment

The final assignment. This time you’re expected to write a report of about 3–4 pages using everything that you’ve learnt so far throughout the course. You’re free to choose a topic that best suits you, but naturally this is a good opportunity to work on your thesis. Create a brief overview of a selected field of study, containing at least:

  • Abstract (about 200 words)
  • Introduction to the topic
  • Related work
  • Reflection/Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography

This time you’re allowed to write in English or Finnish. No opponents this time, because there will be individual tutoring sessions with Markku and Tarmo. Submit the work as pdf.

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